Generally you find that some people need help with learning how to focus on tasks and complete them, while others have intuitive systems, and others seem to just get it done. But for the students who are highly distractible I like to use this Fighting Procrastination sheet.
Essentially, in looking at the example below, the students fill in the column on the left with the activities that they have to do during that period of working time…including breaks…and then they set goals (and timers) for periods of work. This time is 100% focused without doing anything else, most times not even asking questions. This is because us folks with ADHD or who are highly distractible can go off on a tangent and don’t know when they got off track.
So for example in the first blank cell they might put “Math HW” and will sit down for 5 minutes, set the timer, and start doing all things math. When the timer is up, they then can cross off the 5 minute cell in the table and move on to the next thing which may be a break, check email, organization, other HW, etc. and do that for the set time, cross it off, and keep it going.
This can be set up in many different ways, and eventually I sometimes just give them the paper with the blank table cells and the student is able to figure out the times and all that on their own. Ultimately leading to a time when maybe they just do this on a scrap paper on their own, or in their head.
Like any special educator worth their salt, I got this tool/idea from a co-worker friend and ran with it. Thusly speaking, this is a shout out to Mr. Dave Albert, High School Math teacher, thanks for letting me know about this idea!
1. Take a look at your agenda, think about your day and figure out the most important things.
2. Put the list of what you have to do in the table, starting at the top with the most important things
3. Don’t forget to add in where you will take breaks (i.e. check phone, surf the web, walk around, etc.)
4. Begin. One way to do it is to start by doing the top task for 5 minutes.
This could be as simple as getting the materials ready, turning your computer on, reviewing your notes real quick.
5. When you have spent 5 minutes on the activity, stop, cross off the “5” in the table and move on to the next activity.
6. Keep doing this until you feel like you are good to go.
Although I am a strong proponent for medication, as I believe it saved my life, we need to try to find and use all the tools possible to help a student with attention deficits before we look to medication. And this is one tool.
It’s not enough to tell them what they need to do. Or set up a behavior support plan with just positive and negative consequences. We need to teach our students replacement behaviors.
Let me know if you have any other systems that I could try out.